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中国蛇类图鉴——眼镜蛇科 蝰科

2013-04-14 11:47:11 本文行家:王东庶

【SnakesinChina】中国蛇类图鉴——眼镜蛇科,蝰科【毐蛇ぷ神〗编辑整理

眼镜蛇科 Elapidae 环蛇属 Bungarus

环蛇 Bungarus bungaroides 

 

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80cb39dbb6fd52663234f385ab18972bd407360080cb39dbb6fd52663234f385ab18972bd4073600


 

574e9258d109b3de30a92bf9ccbf6c81800a4c09574e9258d109b3de30a92bf9ccbf6c81800a4c09


 

环蛇 Bungarus bungaroides环蛇 Bungarus bungaroides

金环蛇   Bungarus fasciatus 


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金环蛇   Bungarus fasciatus 金环蛇   Bungarus fasciatus 



 

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金环蛇 Bungarus fasciatus金环蛇 Bungarus fasciatus


 

银环蛇 Bungarus multicinctus  

38dbb6fd5266d016ea8051b9972bd40734fa358238dbb6fd5266d016ea8051b9972bd40734fa3582




8435e5dde71190efe6665d4ece1b9d16fcfa60868435e5dde71190efe6665d4ece1b9d16fcfa6086


 

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银环蛇Bungarus multicinctus银环蛇Bungarus multicinctus


 

银环蛇 Bungarus multicinctus银环蛇 Bungarus multicinctus


中华珊瑚蛇蛇属 Sinomicrurus

中华珊瑚蛇 Sinomicrurus macclellandi

 

ac6eddc451da81cbe6214c5c5266d01608243158ac6eddc451da81cbe6214c5c5266d01608243158


 

adaf2edda3cc7cd9f2f6fb483901213fb90e914cadaf2edda3cc7cd9f2f6fb483901213fb90e914c


 

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中华珊瑚蛇 Sinomicrurus macclellandi中华珊瑚蛇 Sinomicrurus macclellandi


 

台湾珊瑚蛇 Sinomicrurus sauteri

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台湾珊瑚蛇 Sinomicrurus sauteri台湾珊瑚蛇 Sinomicrurus sauteri

 

眼镜蛇属 Naja

舟山眼镜蛇 Naja atra
 

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舟山眼镜蛇Naja atra舟山眼镜蛇Naja atra


孟加拉眼镜蛇 Naja kaouthia
 

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574e9258d109b3de88c44316ccbf6c81800a4c50574e9258d109b3de88c44316ccbf6c81800a4c50



 

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孟加拉眼镜蛇 Naja kaouthia孟加拉眼镜蛇 Naja kaouthia


 

眼镜王蛇属 Ophiophagus

        
眼镜王蛇 Ophiophagus hannah

 

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d009b3de9c82d158daebfecf800a19d8bc3e4266d009b3de9c82d158daebfecf800a19d8bc3e4266


 

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眼镜王蛇 Ophiophagus hannah眼镜王蛇 Ophiophagus hannah

 

蝰科 Viperinae 白头蝰属 Azemiops

白头蝰  Azemiops feae

 

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1f178a82b9014a90fe5c8f2ca9773912b21beec51f178a82b9014a90fe5c8f2ca9773912b21beec5


 

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白头蝰      Azemiops feae白头蝰      Azemiops feae

 

蝰属Vipera 

      
草原蝰 Viperaursinii

 

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草原蝰  Vipera ursinii草原蝰  Vipera ursinii

极北蝰 Vipera berus 

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0130000040526812448711910907101300000405268124487119109071



 

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极北蝰     Vipera berus极北蝰     Vipera berus

 

圆斑蝰属 Daboia

圆斑蝰 Daboia russelli 

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圆斑蝰     Daboia russelli圆斑蝰     Daboia russelli

 

蝮蛇亚科 Crotalinae

尖吻蝮属 Deinagkistrodon

尖吻蝮 Deinagkistrodon acutus 

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尖吻蝮   Deinagkistrodon acutus尖吻蝮   Deinagkistrodon acutus

 

亚洲蝮属 Gloydius

短尾蝮 Gloydius brevicaudus 

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短尾蝮 Gloydius brevicaudus短尾蝮 Gloydius brevicaudus

中介蝮  Gloydius intermedius

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300001106949130589472910481_950300001106949130589472910481_950


 

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蛇岛蝮   Gloydius shedaoensis蛇岛蝮   Gloydius shedaoensis


 

岩栖蝮      Gloydius saxatilis岩栖蝮      Gloydius saxatilis


 

中介蝮  Gloydius intermedius中介蝮  Gloydius intermedius

 

烙铁头属 Ovophis

        
山烙铁头     Ovophis monticola
指明亚种 Ovophis monticola monticola 

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华东亚种 Ovophis monticola orientalis  

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台湾亚种 Ovophis monticola makazayazaya  

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贡山亚种 Ovophis monticola zhaokentangi  

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察隅烙铁头    Ovophis zayuensis 


 

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原矛头蝮属 Protobothrops

原矛头蝮    Protobothrops mucrosquamatus 

 

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菜花原矛头蝮   Protobothrops jerdonii 

指名亚种 




 

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菜花原矛头蝮   Protobothrops jerdonii菜花原矛头蝮   Protobothrops jerdonii


川鄂亚种 Protobothrops jerdoni xanthomelas 



 

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乡城原矛头蝮   Protobothrops xiangchengensis 



 

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角原矛头蝮 Protobothrops cornutus 



 

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缅北原矛头蝮 Protobothrops kaulbacki 



 

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缅北原矛头蝮 Protobothrops kaulbacki缅北原矛头蝮 Protobothrops kaulbacki


茂兰原矛头蝮 Protobothrops maolanensis sp.nov



 

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莽山原矛头蝮  Protobothrops mangshanensis
(莽山烙铁头蛇 Zhaoermia mangshanensis )

2009年,ORLOV等,通过分子生物学研究,发现莽山烙铁头蛇 Zhaoermia mangshanensis 属于原矛头蝮属 Protobothrops,故改名为莽山原矛头蝮 Protobothrops mangshanensis 。

参考资料:
Orlov, Nikolai L.; Sergei A. Ryabov, and Nguyen Thien Tao 2009. Two New Species of Genera Protobothrops Hoge et Romano-Hoge, 1983 and Viridovipera Malhotra et Thorpe, 2004 (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from Karst Region in Northeastern Vietnam. Part I. Description of a New Species of Protobothrops Genus. Russian Journal of Herpetology 16 (1)


 



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竹叶青属 Trimeresurus

福建竹叶青蛇  Trimeresurus stejnegeri



 

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白唇竹叶青蛇   Trimeresurus albolabris



 

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墨脱竹叶青蛇   Trimeresurus medoensis



 

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云南竹叶青蛇   Trimeresurus yunnanensis



 

0d338744ebf81a4c65f5c15bd72a6059242da6580d338744ebf81a4c65f5c15bd72a6059242da658




 

1e30e924b899a90149f276a41d950a7b0308f5581e30e924b899a90149f276a41d950a7b0308f558




 

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冈氏竹叶青 Trimeresurus gumprechti
雄性



 

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09fa513d269759ee277d4c59b2fb43166d22df7609fa513d269759ee277d4c59b2fb43166d22df76




 

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雌性



 

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台湾竹叶青蛇 Trimeresurus gracilis



 

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青藏竹叶青



 

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青藏竹叶青青藏竹叶青



 

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参考资料:
[1] 【SnakesinChina】中国蛇类图鉴——眼镜蛇科,蝰科【毐蛇ぷ神〗 http://tieba.baidu.com/p/1733038961?see_lz=1&pn=1
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